On 1 November 1897, Juventus was founded in Turin and went on to become the most successful club in Italian football.
The name “Juventus” is Latin for “youth” and reflects the fact that the club was founded by students at Turin’s Massimo D’Azeglio Lyceum. As a play on the name, the club is also called “The Old Lady.” For its first six years, the club played in pink and black kits. In 1903, however, it received a shipment of black and white striped shirts from Notts County FC and has worn those colors ever since.
After finishing as league runners-up in 1903 and 1904, Juventus won its first league title in 1905. That tally now includes an Italian-record 32 titles, including five consecutive Scudetti from 1931 to 1935 and a 12-season run in which the club finished in the top two every year (1971–72 to 1983–84).
Juventus has also enjoyed European success, advancing to the European Cup Final seven times and winning the showpiece event twice (1985, 1996). The 1985 victory was overshadowed by the deaths of 39 people, most of whom were Juventus supporters, when a wall collapsed at Heysel Stadium.
Although Juventus finished atop Serie A in 2005 and 2006 under manager Fabio Capello, those titles were subsequently convicted of match-fixing. The Italian Football Federation stripped the club of those two titles and relegated it to Serie B for the first time in its history. The Old Lady won Serie B and was promoted back to the top flight at the first opportunity. Since then, Juventus has recaptured its former glory, winning another five straight league titles from 2012 to 2016.